Winter Care For African Violets: Warmth, Humidity, And Avoiding Overfertilizing

Kelly Garton

Are you a plant parent who wants to keep your African violets healthy and happy during the winter season? Winter can be a challenging time for these delicate plants, but with proper care, they can thrive even in the coldest months.

In this article, we’ll share tips for providing warmth and humidity, avoiding over-fertilizing, and understanding changing needs to keep your African violets looking their best all winter long.

As the weather gets colder, your African violets may start to show signs of stress. Their leaves may turn yellow or brown, their blooms may wilt, and they may stop growing altogether. But don’t worry – with the right care, your African violets can survive and even thrive during the winter months.

By following these tips, you can provide the warmth and humidity your plants need, avoid over-fertilizing, and make sure you’re meeting their changing needs throughout the season. Let’s get started!

Key Takeaways

  • Proper care can help African violets thrive during winter
  • Warmth and humidity are essential for their health
  • Terracotta pots promote air circulation while plastic retains moisture
  • Over-fertilization can harm roots, balanced fertilizer and monthly fertilizing is recommended

Providing Warmth and Humidity

You should provide warmth and humidity for your African violets during the winter to keep them healthy and avoid cold shock. African violets thrive in temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and need a humidity level of around 50%.

To achieve this, you can place your plants in a location that receives indirect sunlight and use a humidifier or tray filled with pebbles and water to keep the air moist. Choosing the right containers can also help maintain the ideal temperature and humidity for your plants. Terracotta pots are great for promoting air circulation, while plastic containers are better at retaining moisture.

Supplemental lighting can also be beneficial during the winter months when natural sunlight is limited. African violets require 12-16 hours of light per day, and you can achieve this by using fluorescent or LED grow lights.

Make sure to place the lights close to the plants, ideally 6-12 inches away, and keep them on for at least 12 hours a day. This will ensure your African violets receive the necessary amount of light and stay healthy throughout the winter season.

Avoiding Over-Fertilizing

To prevent harming the roots of your African violets, it’s important to not overdo it with fertilizer. While fertilizing your plants is important for their growth and overall health, overfertilization can lead to burnt roots, stunted growth, and even death. Proper fertilization techniques involve using a balanced fertilizer with equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and fertilizing only once a month during the winter months.

To help you better understand the proper fertilization techniques for your African violets, here is a table outlining the common signs of over fertilization and what you can do to fix it:

Common Signs of Over Fertilization What to Do
Wilting or yellowing leaves Flush soil with water to remove excess fertilizer
Burnt or brown edges on leaves Cut back on fertilizing and increase watering
Slow growth or lack of flowering Repot in fresh soil and fertilize less frequently

By following these proper fertilization techniques and being aware of the signs of over fertilization, you can ensure that your African violets remain healthy and vibrant throughout the winter months. Remember to always test your soil regularly and adjust your fertilizing schedule accordingly.

Understanding Changing Needs

Understanding how the needs of your African violets change during shorter days can help you ensure their continued health and vibrancy. As the days get shorter, your African violets may require more light than they did during the summer months. Make sure they’re getting enough light by placing them in a south-facing window or using artificial lighting. If you’re using artificial lighting, make sure to keep the lights on for at least 12 hours a day.

Soil testing is also important during the winter months. As the temperature drops, your African violets may require less water than they did during the summer months. Test the soil regularly to ensure it’s not too dry or too wet. If the soil is too dry, water your African violets thoroughly, but make sure to let the soil dry out slightly before watering again. If the soil is too wet, adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

By understanding the changing needs of your African violets, you can help ensure they thrive throughout the winter months.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can African violets survive in temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit?

African violets have a limited temperature tolerance and may struggle to survive in temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Adequate warmth is crucial for their winter survival, so keep them in a warm and humid environment.

Is it safe to use tap water to water African violets?

Tap water is safe for watering African violets, but watering frequency should be based on soil pH. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and avoid overwatering. Optimal growth and flowering require balanced care.

How often should I repot my African violet?

To maintain soil health, repot your African violet once a year or whenever it outgrows its container. Use well-draining potting mix and avoid damaging the roots. Happy plants lead to happier people!

Can I prune my African violet during the winter months?

Pruning benefits your African violet during winter months by promoting growth and encouraging winter blooms. Trim off any dead or damaged leaves and pinch back leggy stems. Watch your plant thrive with this simple technique.

How long do African violets typically live?

African violets can live for several years with proper care. Propagation methods include leaf cuttings and division. Common pests to watch out for include spider mites and whiteflies.


Congratulations on making it to the end of this article! By now, you should have a good understanding of how to care for your African violets during the winter season.

Remember to provide your plants with warmth and humidity, as well as avoid over-fertilizing them. These simple steps will go a long way in ensuring your violets stay healthy and happy all winter long.

But don’t forget that the needs of your African violets may change as the season progresses. Keep a close eye on your plants and adjust your care routine as necessary.

With a little attention and care, your African violets will continue to bloom and bring joy to your home throughout the winter months.