Monstera Madness: Easy Steps For Propagating Cuttings

Kelly Garton

Are you a plant lover looking for a new project? Look no further than Monstera deliciosa, also known as the Swiss cheese plant. With its unique and tropical foliage, this houseplant is a favorite among plant enthusiasts. The best part? It’s easy to propagate by taking cuttings.

In this article, we will guide you through the simple steps for successfully propagating Monstera cuttings, whether you’re a seasoned plant propagator or a beginner. First, we’ll cover the basics of Monstera reproduction, including the requirements for taking a cutting and the health considerations to keep in mind.

Then, we’ll explore the different methods of propagation – soil vs. water – and help you choose the best one for your needs. We’ll also discuss how to find the best part of the plant to take a cutting from, and the humidity and sunlight requirements for your new Monstera plant. With our tips for success, you’ll be on your way to Monstera madness in no time!

Key Takeaways

  • Taking and rooting cuttings from Monstera deliciosa is an easy and successful method of propagation.
  • Cuttings need at least two leaves and one node to grow roots successfully, and should be propagated in soil or water.
  • Proper care, including high humidity and avoiding direct sunlight, is important for successful propagation.
  • Clean and sanitized shears should be used to avoid introducing disease or infection, and timing for planting in soil is typically after two to three months with roots at least two to three inches long.

What is Monstera?

So, you want to know what Monstera is? Well, Monstera is a tropical plant that’s known for its large, glossy leaves that have distinctive holes.

This plant belongs to the Araceae family and is native to Central and South America. It’s also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, due to its unique leaf pattern.

Monstera is a popular plant among indoor gardeners, and there are many varieties available. The most popular one is Monstera deliciosa, which is easy to care for and propagate.

Other varieties include Monstera adansonii, Monstera obliqua, and Monstera pinnatipartita. Each variety has its own unique characteristics and can add a touch of tropical beauty to any room.

Reproduction Basics

To successfully reproduce your Monstera deliciosa, you’ll need to ensure that the cutting has at least two leaves and one node, and is in good health. Cuttings taken from an unhealthy or stressed plant are less likely to thrive during propagation.

It’s also important to have some length to the cutting for added support and to keep it out of direct sunlight to avoid burning.

There are two popular propagation techniques: water propagation and soil propagation. However, some common mistakes to avoid include not using clean, sanitized shears when taking the cutting, not allowing the cutting to dry out between watering during soil propagation to avoid stem rot, and not providing a high humidity environment for the cuttings to thrive.

By following these guidelines and paying careful attention to the health and needs of your Monstera cuttings, you can successfully propagate and grow your own thriving plants.

Cutting Requirements

For successful reproduction, it’s crucial to ensure that your Monstera cuttings have at least two healthy leaves and one node. The node is where the roots will grow, so it’s essential to have at least one on your cutting. Cuttings without nodes won’t develop roots and are likely to fail.

Additionally, your cuttings should have some length to provide added support when they start to grow. The length of the cutting is also important because it will determine how much of the stem is in contact with the rooting medium. The more stem in contact with the rooting medium, the faster the roots will develop. Cuttings that are too short may not have enough stem to develop roots quickly, leading to slower growth or failure.

Therefore, it’s best to aim for a cutting that’s between 6-12 inches in length. Keep in mind that the recommendation of two leaves to a cutting isn’t necessary for successful propagation, but having enough length and a node is crucial.

Health Considerations

When taking cuttings for propagation, make sure to choose a healthy stem with vibrant leaves and avoid any stems that show signs of disease or damage. A cutting taken from a sickly stem is more prone to infections and has a higher chance of failing to grow roots. It’s important to use sanitized shears to avoid introducing any disease or infection to the plant.

When cutting, make sure to choose a stem with at least two leaves and one node. This will ensure that the cutting has enough energy to grow roots successfully. It’s also important to cut the stem at an angle to increase the surface area for water absorption.

Following these cutting techniques and considering the health of the stem will greatly increase the success rate of your monstera propagation.

Soil vs. Water Propagation

You can propagate your plant by either placing a cutting in water or planting it directly into soil. Both methods can yield successful results, but there are some differences in maintenance that you should consider.

Water propagation involves regularly changing the water and keeping the cutting vessel full, while soil propagation requires allowing the cutting to dry out between watering to avoid stem rot. Rooting hormone can be used to boost the success of soil propagation, but it’s not necessary for water propagation.

The success of rooting will depend on the health of the cutting, with at least two leaves and one node being necessary for root development. Cuttings should have some length for added support and should be kept out of direct sunlight to avoid burning.

Aerial roots can be trained to climb or left to trail. Proper care is essential for successful propagation, but with patience and attention, you can have a thriving Monstera plant in no time.

Rooting Hormone

To boost the success of propagating your plant, try using rooting hormone during soil propagation. This hormone helps the cutting develop roots faster and stronger, increasing the chances of successful propagation.

Here are some benefits of using rooting hormone:

  • Faster root development: Rooting hormone contains auxins, which are plant hormones that stimulate root growth. This means that the cutting will develop roots faster and be ready for planting in soil sooner.
  • Stronger roots: The hormone also helps the roots develop stronger, allowing them to absorb nutrients and water more efficiently. This increases the chances of the cutting surviving and thriving after being planted in soil.
  • Higher success rates: Using rooting hormone can significantly increase the success rates of soil propagation, especially for inexperienced propagators.

If you prefer not to use rooting hormone, there are alternatives available. You can try using natural alternatives like honey or aloe vera gel, which contain natural rooting hormones. However, the effectiveness of these alternatives may vary, and they may not work as well as synthetic rooting hormone.

Proper Care

Proper care is essential for the successful propagation of your Monstera cuttings. When propagating in water, be sure to keep the vessel full of clean, fresh water and change it regularly to prevent bacterial growth. You can also mist the leaves with water to maintain a high humidity environment.

If you’re propagating in soil, it’s important to allow the cutting to dry out between watering to avoid stem rot. You can also use a rooting hormone to boost the success of soil propagation. It’s important to have patience during the propagation process as it can take several weeks for the cutting to produce roots.

Keep your cuttings out of direct sunlight to avoid burning and monitor them regularly for any signs of disease or infection. A high humidity environment, like a bathroom or kitchen, can also help your cuttings thrive. With proper care, your Monstera cuttings will soon grow into healthy, new plants.

Necessary Tools

Having sharp and sanitized shears is crucial for taking a successful cutting from your plant. Before you begin, it’s important to properly clean your tools to avoid introducing disease or infection to your Monstera. To do this, use a sanitizing agent like diluted bleach or alcohol to wipe down the blades of your shears. Once your tools are clean and dry, you can begin the cutting process.

To ensure the best chance of success, it’s important to master proper cutting technique. When taking a cutting, make sure it has at least two leaves and one node. Without a node, the cutting won’t develop roots. Additionally, the cutting should have some length for added support. Remember to keep the cutting out of direct sunlight to avoid burning. Once you have your cutting, you can choose to propagate it in soil or water. Refer to the table below for a quick summary of the necessary tools and sanitizing process.

Tool Purpose Sanitizing Method
Sharp Shears To take a successful cutting Wipe with diluted bleach or alcohol
Sanitizing Agent To clean the blades of the shears Diluted bleach or alcohol Planting Pot To grow the cutting Wash with soap and water, then soak in diluted bleach or alcohol solution


Once you’ve taken a cutting from your plant, it’s important to be patient and wait several weeks for it to start producing roots. During this time, you can check the rooting progress by gently tugging on the cutting to see if it has taken hold in the soil or water.

Here are some tips to keep in mind when considering the timing of planting your Monstera cutting in soil:

  • Wait until the roots are at least two to three inches long before planting in soil.
  • Yellowing roots in water propagation is normal and indicates a good time to plant in soil.
  • If you’re propagating in soil, wait until the cutting has started to show signs of new growth before watering. This will help prevent stem rot and encourage healthy growth.

Remember that patience is key when propagating Monstera cuttings. Waiting until the roots are well-established will ensure a higher success rate when planting in soil. By following these tips and being mindful of the timing, you can help your new Monstera plant thrive.

Finding the Best Cutting

To find the best cutting for propagation, you should look for a healthy stem with at least two leaves and a node. When selecting the location on the plant to take the cutting, choose a stem that is at least 6 inches long to provide added support.

The stem should also have aerial roots, which can be trained to climb or left to trail. It’s important to avoid taking cuttings from a plant that’s in poor health, as this almost always sets the cutting up to fail.

Additionally, make sure to use sharp and sanitized shears to avoid introducing disease or infection. By selecting a healthy stem with aerial roots, you can increase the chances of a successful and resilient propagation.

Humidity Requirements

Maintaining proper humidity levels is crucial for the successful propagation of your Monstera cuttings. These tropical plants rely on high humidity to thrive, and cuttings are no exception. Without the right humidity management, your cuttings may not develop roots or may suffer from stress and disease.

To ensure the best possible conditions for your Monstera cuttings, consider misting techniques and other humidity management strategies. A simple way to increase humidity is to mist your cuttings regularly with a spray bottle filled with water. You can also place your cuttings in a clear plastic bag or under a humidity dome to trap moisture around them. Additionally, keeping your cuttings in a warm, humid environment, such as a bathroom or kitchen, can help them thrive. By taking these steps to manage humidity, you can give your Monstera cuttings the best chance of success and ensure that they grow into healthy, happy plants.

Misting Techniques How to Use Benefits Tips
Spray bottle Mist your cuttings regularly with water using a spray bottle. Increases humidity around the cuttings. Use distilled or filtered water to avoid mineral buildup.
Humidity dome Place a humidity dome over your cuttings to trap moisture. Creates a mini greenhouse environment. Ventilate the dome occasionally to avoid mold and fungus growth.
Plastic bag Place your cuttings in a clear plastic bag and seal it. Traps moisture and creates a humid environment. Make sure the bag is not touching the leaves to avoid damage. …and place the bag in a bright, indirect light location to encourage root growth.

Sunlight Tolerance

Ensure your plant’s health and avoid burning by placing it in a location with indirect sunlight. Monsteras have a tolerance for direct sunlight but can still be damaged by too much exposure. A spot near a window with filtered light or a shaded area in your garden can be a great place for your Monstera cutting to grow.

If you do opt for direct sunlight, make sure to gradually introduce your plant to it. Start with short periods of exposure and increase gradually over time. Monsteras have aerial roots that can be trained to climb or left to trail, and this can also affect the amount of sunlight they receive.

If you plan to train your Monstera’s aerial roots to climb a trellis or wall, make sure to place it in a location that gets enough indirect sunlight. Alternatively, if you plan to let it trail, you can place it in a location with less light. Remember to monitor your plant’s health and make adjustments as needed to help it thrive.

Tips for Success

For successful propagation, it’s important to choose a healthy cutting with at least two leaves and one node. However, finding the best part of the Monstera deliciosa to take as a cutting can make a big difference in how well the cuttings do during propagation. The recommendation of two leaves to a cutting is not necessary for successful propagation, but it’s important to ensure that the cutting is healthy, with no signs of disease or pests.

To increase the chances of success, consider using rooting hormone when planting the cutting in soil. This hormone helps to stimulate root growth and can boost the success rate of soil propagation. Additionally, be sure to keep the cutting in a high humidity environment, like a bathroom or kitchen, to help it thrive. If you’re experiencing issues with your cuttings, refer to the troubleshooting tips in the table below for guidance on how to address common problems.

Propagating Techniques Troubleshooting Tips
Use rooting hormone when planting in soil. Yellowing or mushy stems indicate stem rot.
Keep cuttings in a high humidity environment. Wilting or yellowing leaves indicate over or under watering.
Trim any unhealthy or damaged leaves before planting. Brown or black spots on leaves indicate fungal infection.
Change water regularly for water propagation. Lack of growth after several weeks may indicate a failed cutting.
Check for signs of disease or pests before taking a cutting. Trim any rotting or damaged roots before planting in soil. Always use clean and sharp tools to take cuttings to prevent the spread of disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

How often should the water in the vessel for water propagation be changed?

To ensure successful water propagation, change the water in the vessel frequently to maintain good water quality. Use sterilization techniques to prevent contamination and promote healthy root growth.

Is it possible to propagate a Monstera cutting without a node?

Unfortunately, it is not possible to propagate a Monstera cutting without a node as it won’t develop roots. However, there are some nodeless methods like air layering or tissue culture that can be used for propagation, but they are more complex.

Can Monstera cuttings be propagated in a hydroponic system?

Hydroponic feasibility for propagating Monstera cuttings is possible, but growth rate comparison may vary from traditional soil propagation. However, with proper care and attention, Monstera cuttings can thrive in a hydroponic system.

How long does it take for a Monstera cutting to grow into a mature plant?

The propagation timeline for a monstera cutting to mature depends on growth stages. It takes several weeks for roots to form, and after two to three months, with at least two to three inch roots, the cutting is ready to be planted in soil.

Can Monstera cuttings be propagated in direct sunlight?

Avoid propagating Monstera cuttings in direct sunlight as it can cause burning. Optimal temperature for propagation is high humidity environments like bathrooms or kitchens. Careful attention to temperature and humidity is crucial for successful propagation.