Discover The Many Varieties Of Monstera: From Deliciosa To Thai Constellations

Kelly Garton

Are you tired of the same old houseplants? Looking for something unique and exotic to add to your collection? Look no further than Monstera plants!

With their large, waxy leaves and aerial roots, these plants are not only stunning to look at, but also fascinating to watch grow.

In this article, we will take a deep dive into the world of Monstera plants and discover the many varieties available, from the common Deliciosa to the highly sought after Thai Constellations.

We’ll explore their unique characteristics, including their sunlight and humidity needs, and even delve into the various propagation methods.

So, whether you’re a seasoned plant enthusiast or just starting out, get ready to discover the incredible world of Monstera plants and add some tropical beauty to your home.

Key Takeaways

  • Monstera plants come in a variety of species with unique characteristics and care requirements.
  • The most common variety is Deliciosa, which can grow up to 8 feet tall and requires moist soil and a humid environment.
  • Thai Constellations have splashes of creamy white on their dark green leaves and require indirect sunlight and high humidity.
  • Propagation techniques include stem cuttings and unique methods for specific species such as placing a tray of pebbles filled with water nearby to increase humidity levels for Adansonii.

Facts about Monsteras

You already know that there are 45 recognized species of Monsteras, but did you know that all of them are vines with large, waxy, dark green leaves and many develop aerial roots to climb?

These plants are not just beautiful, but they also have ecological importance. Their large leaves help clean the air around them by removing toxins, such as formaldehyde and benzene, making them great plants for indoor spaces.

Cultivating Monsteras can be a bit tricky, but with the right techniques, it can be an enjoyable experience. They require at least 6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight and high humidity, but not sopping wet soil.

Monsteras can also be propagated from cuttings, making them a great option for those looking to expand their plant collection.

Overall, exploring the many varieties of Monstera is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also beneficial for the environment.

Common Characteristics

To recognize different species of Monstera, look for common traits that they share. Most Monstera varieties are identified by their large, waxy leaves that vary in size and shape. They are all vines that can climb using aerial roots. Monstera plants require at least six hours of bright, indirect sunlight to thrive. Additionally, they prefer high humidity but not sopping wet soil. They can flower and be propagated from cuttings.

Monstera plants are known for their quick growth and impressive size. The Deliciosa is the most common and can grow up to 8 feet tall. Other varieties, such as the Borsigiana and Adansonii, are smaller and quicker-growing. The Standleyana, also known as the Five Holes Plant, is a unique variety that has small holes in its leaves.

Regardless of the specific species, all Monstera plants share common characteristics that make them an exciting addition to any plant collection.

Aerial Roots and Climbing

One way to tell different species of Monstera apart from one another is by examining their aerial roots and climbing habits. All members of the Monstera family develop these roots, which help them climb tall trees in their natural habitat.

In the home, aerial roots can be seen growing out of the stems and leaves of Monstera plants, searching for something to attach to. These roots serve a practical purpose for the plant, helping it climb and reach the sunlight it needs to thrive.

When grown indoors, it’s important to provide some form of plant support for your Monstera to climb on such as a moss pole or trellis. This will keep your plant healthy and happy, and it will also add an interesting element to your home decor.

Sunlight and Humidity Needs

If you’re planning to care for a Monstera plant, it’s important to note that they require at least 6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight and prefer high humidity but not sopping wet soil. Maximizing growth and preventing sunburn requires strategic placement near windows with filtered light or using curtains to block direct sunlight. A Monstera-friendly environment is created by maintaining a humidity level of 60-70% through regular misting or using a humidifier.

To ensure that your Monstera is receiving enough light, it may be helpful to invest in a light meter to measure the intensity of the light in different areas of your home. For those living in low light areas, artificial light sources can be used to supplement natural light. When it comes to watering, it’s important to avoid overwatering and ensure that the soil is well-draining to prevent root rot. By following these tips for Monstera care, you can create a healthy and thriving plant that will add a touch of nature to your indoor space.

Light Needs Humidity Needs
6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight 60-70% humidity level
Use curtains to block direct sunlight Regular misting or using a humidifier
Invest in a light meter for measuring light intensity Avoid overwatering and ensure well-draining soil
Artificial light sources can supplement natural light

Propagation Methods

You can easily propagate your Monstera plant by taking stem cuttings and placing them in water or soil. Here are some steps to follow for successful propagation:

  • Choose a healthy stem with at least one node (where a leaf attaches to the stem).
  • Cut the stem just below the node with a clean, sharp knife or scissors.

If using water propagation, place the cutting in a jar or vase filled with water, making sure the node is submerged. Change the water every few days to prevent bacteria growth.

If using soil propagation, plant the cutting in moist soil, burying the node.

Keep the cutting in a warm, bright spot but out of direct sunlight. After a few weeks, roots should start to form. Once the roots are a few inches long, you can transplant the new plant into its own pot.

If you want to speed up the process and increase the success rate, you can use rooting hormone. This product stimulates root growth and helps prevent disease. Simply dip the cut end of the stem in the rooting hormone powder before planting in water or soil.

With a little patience and care, you can create new Monstera plants for yourself or to share with friends.


To learn more about the most common Monstera variety, take note of its large, waxy, dark green leaves with fenestrations and its ability to climb using aerial roots. Deliciosa is a popular choice for plant enthusiasts due to its ease of cultivation and stunning appearance.

It can grow up to 8 feet tall and needs at least 6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight. Proper Deliciosa cultivation involves keeping the soil moist but not too wet, and providing a humid environment.

Pruning techniques include cutting back any dead or damaged leaves, as well as trimming the aerial roots to prevent them from overtaking the plant. With the right care, Deliciosa can flourish and add a unique touch to any room in your home.

Thai Constellations

Now that you know about the common Deliciosa, it’s time to explore a more unique variety – the Thai Constellations. This monstera has become increasingly popular due to its bizarre coloring and high demand.

Unlike the Deliciosa, the Thai Constellations have splashes of creamy white on their dark green leaves, creating a starry night effect. This striking appearance makes it a favorite among plant enthusiasts and collectors.

However, due to its slow growth rate, it can be challenging to find in stores, making it a highly sought-after plant. If you’re lucky enough to get your hands on a Thai Constellation, be sure to give it plenty of indirect sunlight and high humidity to maintain its unique coloring and thriving growth.


If you’re looking for a smaller version of the common monstera with quicker growth, consider the Borsigiana species. This variety is often mistaken for the Deliciosa due to their similarities in appearance, but the Borsigiana has smaller leaves and a faster growth rate. It’s a great option for those who want a monstera but don’t have the space for a larger plant.

To understand more about the Borsigiana, take a look at this table comparing it to the Deliciosa:

Deliciosa Borsigiana
Leaf size Large Smaller
Growth rate Slow Fast
Height Up to 8 ft Up to 3 ft

Propagation techniques for the Borsigiana are similar to those of the Deliciosa. Cuttings can be taken from mature plants and rooted in water or soil. As with all Monsteras, they prefer bright, indirect sunlight and high humidity. With proper care, the Borsigiana can add a touch of green to any space and grow quickly.


You can easily identify Adansonii by its unique lace-like leaves, which make it a standout among other Monstera species. This smaller species is perfect for those who want a Monstera but don’t have the space for a larger plant.

Here are some care tips for Adansonii:

  1. Light: Adansonii needs bright, indirect sunlight to thrive. However, direct sunlight can scorch its delicate leaves, so be sure to place it in a spot where it can receive filtered light.

  2. Water: This species prefers to be kept moist but not soggy. Water it when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.

  3. Humidity: Adansonii thrives in high humidity environments. If your home has low humidity, consider using a humidifier or placing the plant on a tray of pebbles filled with water to increase humidity levels.

By following these care tips, you can ensure that your Adansonii will grow healthy and strong, adding a unique touch to your plant collection.


To care for Standleyana, place it in a spot with bright, indirect sunlight and keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. This plant prefers high humidity, so it’s a good idea to mist the leaves regularly.

Standleyana can be propagated easily from stem cuttings. These should be placed in a container with moist soil and kept in a warm, humid location until roots form.

One of the unique features of Standleyana is its leaves, which have five holes and a distinctive pattern of white veins. This plant is also known as the Five Holes Plant.

It’s a great choice for a hanging basket or for training up a moss pole. With proper Standleyana care and propagation, you can enjoy this visually striking plant in your home for years to come.

Monstera Obliqua

Monstera Obliqua, a rare and delicate species, is a stunning plant that requires specific care to thrive in your home. This plant is often found in botanical gardens and is highly sought after by plant enthusiasts. If you are lucky enough to acquire one, you will need to provide the right care to ensure it thrives.

Caring for Monstera Obliqua requires attention to detail and patience. This species prefers bright, indirect light and high humidity levels. It is important to avoid over-watering, as this can lead to root rot. To help you understand the specific needs of this plant, refer to the table below:

Monstera Obliqua
Light Bright, indirect light
Water Water when the top inch of soil is dry
Humidity High humidity levels, mist frequently
Soil Well-draining soil
Fertilizer Monthly during growing season

With the right care, your Monstera Obliqua will thrive and bring a unique touch of beauty to your home. Remember to give it the attention it deserves and enjoy watching this rare and delicate species grow.

Identifying Species

Now that you know about the delicate Monstera Obliqua, let’s dive into identifying the species of Monstera. With 45 recognized species, it can be a bit overwhelming to distinguish one from another.

However, there are some distinguishing features that can help you determine the variety of your Monstera plant. One of the easiest ways to identify a Monstera species is by looking at the holes in its leaves.

The Deliciosa, for example, has large fenestrations that give it a distinct look. Other species, like the Adansonii, have lace-like leaves with smaller holes. Sellers may use different names for the varieties, but identifying the holes can help you determine the species.

Keep in mind that some Monstera plants may have variations or mutations that make them unique.

Sellers and Naming Varieties

When buying from sellers, you might notice that they use different names to describe the various types of Monstera plants available. This can be confusing, especially if you’re trying to identify a specific species. Some sellers may use common names, while others may use scientific names or even their own made-up names. It’s important to do your research beforehand so that you can properly identify the plant you’re looking for and avoid getting scammed.

Sellers’ marketing can also play a role in the naming conventions used for Monstera varieties. Some sellers may give their plants flashy or unique names to attract buyers, even if the plant is a common variety. For example, a seller may refer to a Deliciosa plant as a ‘Giant Swiss Cheese Plant’ to make it sound more appealing. It’s important to not get caught up in the marketing and focus on the actual characteristics of the plant to properly identify it.

Frequently Asked Questions

What pests and diseases commonly affect Monstera plants?

Preventing infestations is key for healthy Monstera plants. Common pests include spider mites and mealybugs, treat with insecticidal soap. Common diseases include root rot, treat by improving drainage and reducing watering.

Can Monstera plants be grown outdoors in colder climates?

Yes, Monstera plants can be grown outdoors in colder climates. For Outdoor Monstera Cultivation, choose a sheltered spot with well-draining soil and protect from frost. Winter Monstera Care includes reducing watering and bringing indoors if temperatures drop too low.

How long does it typically take for a Monstera cutting to root and grow into a mature plant?

Monstera cuttings can root in 2-3 weeks with proper care. Optimal conditions include a well-draining potting mix, warm temperatures, and high humidity. Once rooted, growth rate varies by species and environment.

Are there any special considerations when caring for Monstera plants in a low-humidity environment?

To care for Monstera plants in low humidity, adjust your indoor environment by using a humidifier, placing a tray of water near the plant, or misting regularly. Avoid overwatering and keep the soil slightly moist.

How do Monstera plants compare to other popular houseplants in terms of air-purifying abilities?

Compared to other houseplants, Monstera plants have moderate air purifying benefits. Optimal growth requires bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil. High humidity is preferred but not sopping wet soil.