Care For Your Monstera Adansonii: Tips For A Happy Plant

Kelly Garton

Are you tired of struggling to keep your houseplants alive? Do you want to add a touch of green to your home but don’t know where to start? Look no further than the Monstera adansonii, also known as the Swiss cheese plant.

This unique and beautiful plant is not only easy to care for, but it also has a fascinating adaptation that makes it perfect for indoor growth. Native to Mexico and Panama, the Monstera adansonii is a climbing plant that can grow up to 10 feet tall indoors.

Its heart-shaped leaves with delicate holes make it a popular houseplant, but its unique adaptation of developing holes to allow sunlight to pass through its top leaves and reduce damage during heavy storms make it a truly remarkable plant.

With proper care, including attention to watering, light, temperature, fertilization, and repotting, your Monstera adansonii can grow faster, taller, and healthier, ensuring a happy and thriving plant in your home.

Keep reading for tips on how to care for your Monstera adansonii and unlock your green thumb potential.

Key Takeaways

  • Monstera adansonii needs bright, indirect sunlight for at least six hours a day, with a temperature between 65-75°F and humidity between 50%-60%.
  • Water the plant only when the top 1-2 inches of soil is dry, and use distilled or filtered water to address water quality issues.
  • Repot the plant every one to two years in a container with at least one drainage hole, and prune it regularly to promote growth and remove damaged leaves.
  • Troubleshoot the environment first before adding fertilizer or treating plant issues, and be consistent in plant care with gradual adjustments.

Plant Description

You’ll notice that the Monstera adansonii has heart-shaped leaves with delicate holes, which are a unique and recognizable feature of this plant. These holes aren’t just for aesthetics; they serve a functional purpose as well.

The Swiss cheese plant developed its distinctive holes to allow sunlight to pass through its top leaves and reduce damage during heavy storms. Additionally, its climbing habits are also worth noting. Monstera adansonii is commonly found climbing the trunks of trees in Mexico and Panama using aerial roots, which allows it to reach greater heights and access more sunlight.

The leaf structure of Monstera adansonii is what makes it stand out from other houseplants. The leaves aren’t just decorative; they also serve as a means for the plant to collect sunlight and nutrients. The leaves are heart-shaped, and their delicate holes allow light to filter through to the lower leaves.

This structure is what makes the Monstera adansonii an ideal houseplant, as it can add a touch of natural beauty to any indoor space.

Growing Conditions

To promote optimal growth for your Monstera adansonii, it’s essential to provide it with the right growing conditions.

Ensure that the plant receives bright, indirect sunlight for at least six hours every day, as this is necessary for photosynthesis and growth. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, resulting in yellowing or brown spots. If you notice that your plant isn’t getting enough light, consider moving it closer to a window or using a grow light as a supplement.

Maintaining a temperature between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit with 50-60% humidity is also crucial for the plant’s health. Care mistakes such as overwatering or underwatering, exposing the plant to extreme temperatures, or placing it in a drafty area can lead to slow growth, yellowing leaves, or even death.

Monitoring the plant’s water needs, providing adequate humidity, and keeping it in a stable environment are critical to promoting healthy growth and preventing common care mistakes.

Watering and Fertilization

Watering and fertilizing your Monstera adansonii correctly is crucial for its growth and health. To ensure that your plant thrives, pay attention to the frequency of watering, and adjust it as necessary.

Monstera adansonii prefers to be watered only when the top 1-2 inches of soil is dry, so avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rot. Additionally, using distilled or filtered water can help address water quality issues that can negatively affect your plant’s health.

In terms of fertilization, it’s important to be mindful of the mineral content in the soil. Overfertilizing can lead to excessive minerals and nutrients, causing plant health issues. Therefore, it’s recommended to fertilize your Monstera adansonii with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season.

However, before adding fertilizer, troubleshoot the environment first to ensure that your plant is receiving adequate light and moisture. By adjusting the frequency of watering and being mindful of the mineral content in the soil, you can help your Monstera adansonii grow faster, taller, and healthier.

Light and Temperature

Make sure your Monstera adansonii receives at least six hours of bright, indirect sunlight each day and is kept in a temperature range of 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit with a humidity level between 50%-60% to promote healthy growth.

To maximize the light and temperature conditions for your plant, consider the following lighting tips and temperature requirements:

  • Place your plant near an east or west-facing window to get adequate morning or afternoon sunlight.
  • Use a sheer curtain or blinds to filter direct sunlight to prevent leaf burns.
  • If you don’t have a window, consider using a grow light to supplement light conditions.

Ensure the temperature remains consistent and avoid placing your plant in drafty areas or near heat sources. If the temperature drops below 60 degrees Fahrenheit, consider using a space heater or moving your plant to a warmer location.

Monitor the humidity levels using a hygrometer and consider using a humidifier to increase moisture levels in the air.

By following these lighting and temperature tips, you can help your Monstera adansonii thrive and grow into a healthy and beautiful plant. Remember to adjust these conditions as needed based on changes in the environment to ensure your plant receives the best care possible.

Repotting and Pruning

When repotting or pruning your Monstera adansonii, it’s important to use pruning scissors to trim away any slimy, mushy, and dark brown or black roots, discarding rotten roots immediately. This will help encourage healthy growth and prevent any potential diseases from spreading.

When choosing a container for repotting, make sure it has at least one drainage hole and is an appropriate size for your plant. Clay or terra cotta containers are more absorbent and can help wick away extra moisture in the soil.

In terms of soil types for repotting, a well-draining soil mix is recommended to prevent water from sitting too long in the soil and causing root rot. A mix of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite can provide the right balance of moisture and drainage for your Monstera adansonii.

When pruning your plant, focus on removing damaged or diseased leaves and stems, and make sure to sterilize your pruning shears beforehand to prevent any potential infections. Pruning can help promote healthy growth and prevent the plant from becoming too leggy or top-heavy.

Pest Control

To keep pesky insects away from your Monstera adansonii, it’s important to engage in proper pest control. One effective method is to wipe down the leaves with a damp cloth, which can physically remove any bugs that may be lurking on the plant.

Alternatively, you can use insecticidal soap as needed to kill off any pests that have taken up residence on your Monstera. It’s important to note that while chemical treatments are available, natural remedies should be your first line of defense. This will help to minimize the risk of any negative side effects that could harm your plant or the environment.

When using natural remedies, it’s important to be patient as they may take longer to work than chemical treatments. Additionally, it’s important to avoid overdoing it, as excessive use of any treatment – even natural ones – can harm your plant.

If you do opt for a chemical treatment, be sure to read the instructions carefully and follow them closely. This will help to ensure that you use the treatment safely and effectively, without harming your Monstera adansonii.

With the right approach to pest control, you can keep your plant healthy and thriving for years to come.

Water Quality

Improving the water quality for your Monstera adansonii can be beneficial for its overall health. Testing the water you use for your plant can help you identify any impurities or minerals that may be present. Consider using distilled or filtered water to address any water quality issues and prevent any potential damage to your plant.

In addition to using high-quality water, there are also water treatment options available to help remove impurities and minerals. One option is to use a water softener, which can help reduce the amount of calcium and magnesium in the water. Another option is reverse osmosis, which uses a filtration system to remove impurities from the water. Whichever option you choose, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the treated water for your Monstera adansonii. By ensuring that your plant is receiving high-quality water, you can help promote its growth and overall health.

Water Quality Impurities Treatment Options
pH Chlorine Activated Carbon
Hardness Minerals Water Softener
Heavy Metals Sediments Reverse Osmosis Bacteria and viruses Pathogens Ultraviolet (UV) Light or Chlorination

Location and Placement

For optimal growth, it’s important to choose the right location and placement for your Monstera adansonii.

The plant needs bright, indirect sunlight for a minimum of six hours each day, but direct sunlight can cause damage to the leaves. South-facing windows often receive a favorable balance of indirect light and warmth, making them a wise location for the plant.

If the plant isn’t receiving enough light, you can supplement with grow lights, but be sure to give it time to rest as well.

In addition to light, the temperature and humidity levels in the room are also important. Monstera adansonii thrives in a temperature between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity between 50%-60%.

Decorating tips include placing the plant in a room with a humidifier or placing a tray of water nearby to increase humidity levels.

Best room locations include areas that are away from drafty windows or doors, as well as areas that are not too close to heating or cooling vents.

With the right location and placement, your Monstera adansonii will have a happy and healthy home.

Common Issues

If you notice yellowing leaves, leaf drop, slow growth, or dry soil, it may be a sign that your Monstera adansonii needs more humidity in its environment. This plant thrives in environments with a humidity level between 50%-60%, which can be achieved through several methods.

Here are five ways to increase humidity for your Monstera adansonii:

  • Place a tray of water near the plant to add moisture to the air.
  • Group your plants together to create a microclimate that’s more humid.
  • Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air.
  • Mist the leaves of your Monstera adansonii regularly with a spray bottle of water.
  • Add a layer of pebbles or stones to the bottom of the pot and keep it filled with water to create a humidity tray.

In addition to addressing yellowing leaves, it’s important to take preventative measures to avoid pest infestations. Wiping the leaves with a damp cloth regularly and using insecticidal soap can help prevent pests from taking over your Monstera adansonii.

It’s important to act quickly if you notice any signs of pests, as they can quickly spread to other plants in your home. By taking these steps to increase humidity and prevent pests, you can ensure that your Monstera adansonii stays healthy and happy.

Humidity and Propagation

To propagate Monstera adansonii, you can either root a healthy stem section in water or soil. It’s important to monitor humidity levels during this process to ensure successful propagation. Monstera adansonii thrives in environments with 50%-60% humidity, so it’s recommended to use a humidity monitor to track levels.

For water propagation, simply place the stem in a container of water and change the water at least once a week. Roots will eventually grow from the stem and can be transplanted into soil.

For soil propagation, plant the stem in a well-draining soil mix and keep the soil moist. Covering the pot with a clear plastic bag can also help maintain humidity levels and promote root growth.

With proper propagating techniques and humidity monitoring, you can easily expand your Monstera adansonii collection.


Troubleshooting the health of your Monstera adansonii is crucial for ensuring its longevity and beauty in your home. Diagnosing problems early on can prevent irreversible damage and keep your plant thriving. Here are some tips for troubleshooting common issues with your Monstera adansonii:

  • Yellowing or browning leaves may indicate overwatering or underwatering. Check the soil moisture level and adjust watering accordingly.

  • Slow growth or stunted leaves may be a sign of insufficient light. Move your plant to a brighter location or consider using grow lights.

  • Pests such as spider mites and mealybugs can cause damage to your plant. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or use insecticidal soap to prevent infestations.

Adjusting your care routines based on these troubleshooting tips can help your Monstera adansonii thrive. Remember to monitor your plant regularly and make gradual adjustments to its environment to keep it healthy and happy.

Consistency is Key

Now that you’ve learned how to troubleshoot common issues with your Monstera adansonii, it’s important to remember that consistency is key when it comes to plant care. Maintaining a routine for watering, fertilizing, and pruning can help prevent problems before they arise. Avoid overreacting to minor issues, as this can lead to unnecessary stress for both you and your plant.

To maintain consistency, it’s helpful to establish a schedule for caring for your Monstera adansonii. This can include weekly watering, biweekly fertilizing, and monthly pruning. By sticking to this schedule, you can ensure that your plant is receiving the proper nutrients and care it needs to thrive.

Remember to monitor your plant regularly and adjust your routine as needed based on changes in temperature, lighting, and growing season. With consistent care, your Monstera adansonii will continue to grow and flourish in your home.

Further Resources

If you want to learn more about caring for your Monstera adansonii, there are plenty of resources available online and in gardening books. These resources can provide you with more detailed information on how to properly care for your plant, troubleshoot common issues, and even share tips on how to propagate your Monstera adansonii.

One of the most popular topics among Monstera adansonii enthusiasts is propagation. Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones by taking stem cuttings and encouraging them to grow roots. Many resources offer step-by-step instructions on how to propagate your Monstera adansonii, whether you choose to propagate in soil or water.

In addition, some resources suggest the benefits of using clay pots for repotting, as they can help wick away excess moisture in the soil and prevent root rot. With these resources at your fingertips, you can continue to learn and experiment with caring for your Monstera adansonii.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you propagate Monstera adansonii from a leaf cutting?

To propagate Monstera adansonii from a leaf cutting, choose a healthy leaf with a stem. Dip the stem in rooting hormone and plant it in moist soil. Keep it warm and moist until roots form, then slowly adjust to regular care.

Can Monstera adansonii be grown in low light conditions?

Low light alternatives for Monstera adansonii care in office spaces include fluorescent or LED grow lights, or placing the plant near a north-facing window. However, it may grow slower and have smaller leaves. Adequate humidity is still necessary.

How often should you mist your Monstera adansonii to increase humidity?

To increase humidity for your Monstera adansonii, misting frequency depends on the environment. In dry conditions, mist once or twice daily. In more humid conditions, misting once or twice a week is sufficient for humidity control.

What is the best way to treat a pest infestation on a Monstera adansonii?

To treat a pest infestation on your Monstera adansonii, start with pest control measures like wiping the leaves with a damp cloth or using insecticidal soap. Natural remedies like neem oil or garlic spray can also be effective.

Can Monstera adansonii be grown outdoors in regions with hot and humid climates?

Outdoor cultivation of Monstera Adansonii in hot and humid regions is possible, but it requires a shaded location and careful attention to temperature requirements. Ideal temperatures for this plant are between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity between 50%-60%.